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H.264 footage to ProRes for FCP X

Posted by Andyeric 
H.264 footage to ProRes for FCP X
February 03, 2015 08:58PM
No matter you are a filmmaker, multimedia professional or still photographer, Canon or Nikon camera will be a choice due to its highly mobile, lightweight features including Canon 5D Mark, Canon EOS 650D, Canon PowrShot G1 X, Canon SX40, Canon ESO-1DX, Canon EOS 7D/5D, Canon EOS 60D, Canon EOS 550D, Canon EOS 500D, Nikon D5100, Nikon D3100 Nikon D800, and more. What these cameras have in common is that they can record 1080p H.264 codec MOV footages.

H.264 (an MPEG-4 variation) is an aquistion (camera) and distribution (web streaming) codec. It's highly compressed, which means that the files are small, and Final Cut has to do extra work each time you play your timeline, make an edit, etc.

Apple ProRes 422 is an editing codec. It uses much less compression, which means that the files are big, but Final Cut can play it more easily.

Best practice is to edit in ProRes 422, especially if you have lots of layers and effects. That means you spend a little extra time optimizing your files to ProRes 422 before you start, but you sa ve time in the long run.

As you got into more complicated editing such as adding multiple clips and transitions and effects you would start to see a more pronounced difference, i.e. FCP would need to render more often and editing wouldn't be a smooth. H.264 is really optimized to be a delivery codec while ProRes is optimized to be an editing codec. That said, if you just need to do a simple edit and your Mac has the power to edit H.264 you can get away with it no problem, but if you plan to do a heavy edit with lots of transitions and effects and color grading you will be best served by ProRes.

Just an alternative solution: pav tube H.264 to ProRes Codec co nverter which is able to co nvert H.264 videos to Apple ProRes 422 HQ (*.mov), Apple ProRes 422 (*.mov), Apple ProRes 422 (LT) (*.mov), Apple ProRes 422 (Proxy) (*.mov) and ProRes 4444 (*.mov). (2015 Top 5 Best Mac HD Video co nverter Review for Camcorder Lovers)

a. ProRes 422 (HQ): offers the utmost possible quality for 4:2:2 or 4:2:0 sources and provides target data rate of approximately 220 Mbps and higher quality than Apple ProRes 422;

b. ProRes 422: provides target data rate of approximately 145 Mbps and higher quality than Apple ProRes 422 (LT);

c. ProRes 422 (LT): provides roughly 70 percent of the data rate of Apple ProRes 422 (thus, smaller file sizes than Apple ProRes 422) and higher quality than ProRes 422 (Proxy);

d. ProRes 422 (Proxy): provides roughly 30 percent of the data rate of Apple ProRes 422 and high-quality offline editing at the original frame size, frame rate, and aspect ratio;

e. ProRes 4444: offers the utmost possible quality for 4:4:4 sources and roughly 50 percent higher than the data rate of Apple ProRes 422 (HQ).
Types of Apple ProRes Codecs
Re: H.264 footage to ProRes for FCP X
March 03, 2015 09:40PM
In fact, it is possible to use H.264 in Final Cut Pro (X) sometimes, but don't expect it to result in top quality. H.264 is highly compressed.

A suggestion is to use Brorsoft Video Converter for Mac to transcode all H.264 files to Apple ProRes for FCP.



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 03/03/2015 09:41PM by lydia622520.
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